Post Adjustment Classification, Rental Thresholds and Exchange Rates
   2020 Feb  2020 Jan  2019 Dec  2019 Nov  2019 Oct  2019 Sep  2019 Aug  2019 Jul  2019 Jun  2019 May  2019 Apr  2019 Mar
                       
Afghanistan(Kabul) Ex Rate 76.65 78.08 78.25 78.103 78.1 78.3 79.45 79.45 75.189 75.189 75.189 75.189
Mult 45.4 45.4 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
D/S % 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10
Albania(Tirana) Ex Rate 107.95 107.3 109. 108.77 108.43 107.5 107.8 105.8 107.3 107.5 107.55 107.35
Mult 19.9 19.9 21.4 21.4 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Algeria(Algiers) Ex Rate 119.543 118.833 119.725 119.74 120.657 119.95 119.675 118.756 119.875 119.729 119.305 118.465
Mult 33.4 33.4 35. 35. 34.2 34.2 34.2 34.2 34.3 34.3 34.3 34.3
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29
Angola(Luanda) Ex Rate 491.538 477.356 462.309 459.86 365.46 358.346 345.91 338.562 327.214 319.529 316.283 309.244
Mult 59.6 59.6 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.5 65.1 65.1 85.3 85.3
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 30/32 30/32
Argentina(Buenos Aires) Ex Rate 60.238 59.937 59.862 59.501 57.313 59.55 56.5 42.848 44.537 44.738 43.328 38.747
Mult 33.8 33.8 35.4 35.4 42.1 42.1 42.1 42.1 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
D/S % 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28
Armenia(Yerevan) Ex Rate 477.92 478.75 475.2 476.5 475.5 476.4 476. 477.19 480. 481. 487. 488.98
Mult 27.2 27.2 28.7 28.7 22.7 22.7 22.7 22.7 21. 21. 21. 21.
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16
Australia(Canberra , Melbourne and Sydney) Ex Rate 1.491 1.434 1.475 1.458 1.478 1.458 1.471 1.429 1.447 1.42 1.4 1.402
Mult 30.4 32.4 30.7 32.1 30.5 26.2 25.2 28.4 27. 29.1 30.8 30.6
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Austria(Vienna) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 42.1 39.9 39.9 41.1 39.2 39.7 41.9 43.9 41.2 41.5 42.9 44.1
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19
Azerbaijan(Baku) Ex Rate 1.693 1.698 1.694 1.7 1.701 1.7 1.698 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.699
Mult 26.7 26.7 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2 28. 27.2 27.2 27.2
D/S % 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28
Bahamas(Bahama) Ex Rate 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
Mult 68.2 68.2 70.2 70.2 70.1 70.1 70.1 70.1 70.1 70.1 70.1 70.1
D/S % 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34
Bahrain(Bahrain) Ex Rate .377 .377 .377 .377 .377 .377 .377 .377 .377 .377 .377 .377
Mult 39. 39. 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7
D/S % 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23
Bangladesh(Dhaka) Ex Rate 84.85 84.85 84.85 84.775 84.525 84.525 84.525 84.525 84.582 84.375 84.177 84.052
Mult 33.2 33.2 34.8 34.8 34.3 34.3 34.3 34.3 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
D/S % 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16
Barbados(Bridgetown) Ex Rate 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2.
Mult 51. 51. 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.8
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Belarus(Minsk) Ex Rate 2.136 2.101 2.094 2.054 2.072 2.083 2.031 2.042 2.092 2.108 2.132 2.14
Mult 35.8 35.8 37.4 37.4 36.9 36.9 35.4 35.4 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.6
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18
Belgium(Brussels) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887  
Mult 37.8 39.9 39.2 40.4 38.5 39. 41.2 43.2 40.5 40.8 42.2  
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18  
Belize(Belize (Belmopan)) Ex Rate 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2.
Mult 28.2 28.2 27.9 27.9 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
D/S % 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14
Benin(Cotonou) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 31.3 31.3 32.9 32.9 32.2 32.2 32.2 32.2 32.3 32.3 32.3 32.3
D/S % 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15
Bhutan(Thimphu) Ex Rate 71.49 71.35 71.35 70.9 70.57 71.78 68.86 69.07 69.88 70.02 69.34 71.24
Mult 24.7 24.7 26.2 26.2 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 25.1 25.1 25.1 25.1
D/S % 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11
Bolivia(La Paz) Ex Rate 6.86 6.86 6.86 6.91 6.91 6.91 6.91 6.91 6.91 6.91 6.885 6.885
Mult 27.8 27.8 29.3 29.3 29.3 29.3 29.3 29.3 29.3 29.3 29.3 29.3
D/S % 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16
Bosnia and Herzegovina(Sarajevo) Ex Rate 1.774 1.752 1.778 1.76 1.788 1.78 1.748 1.721 1.758 1.754 1.735 1.719
Mult 19.7 19.7 21.2 21.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 21.2 18.5 18.5 18.5
D/S % 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 16/17 16/17 16/17
Botswana(Gaberone) Ex Rate 10.87 10.593 10.858 10.941 11.05 11.062 10.695 10.638 10.846 10.718 10.811 10.504
Mult 23.7 23.7 25.2 25.2 25.7 25.7 25.7 25.7 24.7 19.2 19.2 19.2
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 15/16 15/16 15/16
Brazil(Brasilia) Ex Rate 4.245 4.054 4.263 4.023 4.158 4.163 3.793 3.87 3.967 3.932 3.957 3.741
Mult 34.7 34.7 36.3 36.3 34.8 34.8 34.8 34.8 34.5 34.5 34.5 34.5
D/S % 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24
Bulgaria(Sofia) Ex Rate 1.774 1.752 1.778 1.76 1.788 1.78 1.748 1.721 1.758 1.754 1.735 1.719
Mult 15.8 15.2 15.2 16.2 14.6 15. 16.8 18.4 16.3 16.5 17.6 18.5
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Burkina Faso(Ouagadougou) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 30.5 30.5 32.1 32.1 31.3 31.3 31.3 31.3 31.3 31.3 31.3 31.3
D/S % 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13
Burundi(Bujumbura) Ex Rate 1871.259 1886. 1859.256 1853.245 1847.005 1834.883 1834.883 1824.219 1824.219 1818.267 1799.805 1799.805
Mult 31.7 31.7 33.3 33.3 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 34.2 34.2 34.2 34.2
D/S % 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14
Cambodia(Phnom Penh) Ex Rate 4082. 4073. 4065. 4063. 4090. 4071. 4033. 4025. 4050. 4030. 4000. 4000.
Mult 27. 27. 28.5 28.5 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Cameroon(Yaounde) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 28.5 28.5 30.1 30.1 31.2 31.2 31.2 31.2 31.3 31.3 31.3 31.3
D/S % 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16
Canada(Montreal) Ex Rate 1.322 1.309 1.327 1.313 1.324 1.316 1.324 1.312 1.349 1.347 1.338 1.316
Mult 41.9 38.9 38.9 40.2 39.2 40. 39.2 40.3 36.9 37.1 37.9 40.
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18
Cape Verde(Praia) Ex Rate 99.995 98.76 100.232 99.248 100.791 100.332 98.548 97.033 99.132 98.875 97.839 96.936
Mult 24.9 24.9 26.4 26.4 27.6 27.6 27.6 27.6 27.6 27.6 27.6 27.6
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Central African Rep.(Bangui) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 60.4 60.4 62.3 62.3 63.4 63.4 63.4 63.4 63.4 63.4 63.4 63.4
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18
Chad(Ndjamena) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 49.2 49.2 51. 40.1 38.7 38.7 38.7 38.7 38.7 38.7 38.7 38.7
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14
Chile(Santiago) Ex Rate 797. 745. 811. 797. 726. 721. 699. 679. 706. 676. 680. 651.
Mult 29.1 29.1 30.7 30.7 37.1 37.1 37.1 30.6 33. 33. 33. 33.
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15
China(Beijing) Ex Rate 6.911 6.995 7.029 7.059 7.121 7.146 6.885 6.877 6.907 6.734 6.74 6.687
Mult 55.1 55.1 57. 57. 57. 57. 57. 57. 59.5 59.5 59.5 59.5
D/S % 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24
China, Hong Kong(Hong Kong (SAR)) Ex Rate 7.767 7.787 7.828 7.841 7.84 7.846 7.823 7.813 7.848 7.844 7.85 7.85
Mult 115.5 106. 107.5 107.2 107.2 107.1 107.6 107.9 107. 107.1 107. 107.
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
China, Macau(Macao (SAR)) Ex Rate 8.006 8.023 8.064 8.075 8.076 8.079 8.055 8.044 8.09 8.079 8.082 8.084
Mult 55.9 55.9 57.8 57.8 57.5 57.5 57.5 56.6 55.8 55.8 55.8 55.8
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Colombia(Bogota) Ex Rate 3402. 3297. 3506. 3391. 3461. 3480. 3295. 3194. 3354. 3241. 3183. 3073.
Mult 24.4 24.4 25.9 25.9 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Comoros(Moroni) Ex Rate 446.148 440.634 447.203 442.815 449.696 447.65 439.689 432.932 442.298 441.148 436.529 432.499
Mult 37.5 37.5 39.2 39.2 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.1 40. 40. 40. 40.
D/S % 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15
Congo(Brazzaville) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 54.3 54.3 56.2 56.2 55.5 55.5 53.6 53.6 53.3 53.3 53.3 53.3
D/S % 7/7 7/7 7/7 7/7 7/7 7/7 6/6 6/6 6/6 6/6 6/6 6/6
Congo, Dem. Rep.(Kinshasa) Ex Rate 1650.139 1667.607 1659.665 1654.808 1653.877 1653.384 1645.89 1644.947 1642.66 1640.092 1638.806 1636.679
Mult 51. 51. 52.8 52.8 52.6 52.6 42.9 42.9 42.6 42.6 42.6 42.6
D/S % 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23
Costa Rica(San Jose) Ex Rate 563.65 568.98 560.55 580.37 582.24 567.67 571.09 583.76 588.93 595.99 603.71 608.29
Mult 31.6 31.6 33.2 33.2 33. 28.9 28.9 28.9 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
D/S % 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Cote d Ivoire(Abidjan) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 39. 39. 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
D/S % 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16
Croatia, Republic of(Zagreb) Ex Rate 6.746 6.667 6.758 6.719 6.771 6.689 6.623 6.507 6.672 6.651 6.619 6.53
Mult 37.7 39.1 39.1 39.8 38.9 40.4 41.6 44.1 44. 44. 44. 44.
D/S % 8/9 8/9 8/9 8/9 8/9 8/9 8/9 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Cuba(Havana) Ex Rate .99 .99 .99 .99 .99 .99 .99 .99 .99 .99 .99 .99
Mult 53.5 53.5 55.4 55.4 54.8 38.7 38.7 38.7 38.3 38.3 38.3 38.3
D/S % 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24
Cyprus(Nicosia) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 20.4 17.5 17.5 18.5 16.9 17.4 19.2 20.8 18.6 12.7 13.8 14.7
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 19/20 19/20 19/20
Czech Republic(Prague) Ex Rate 22.89 22.85 23.19 22.98 23.64 23.37 23.03 22.39 23.23 23.02 22.97 22.56
Mult 39.8 30.9 30.8 31.9 28.6 29.9 31.6 34.9 30.6 31.7 31.9 34.
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Denmark(Copenhagen ) Ex Rate 6.777 6.688 6.791 6.725 6.825 6.789 6.669 6.566 6.714 6.695 6.624 6.559
Mult 58.1 55.9 55.6 57. 54.9 55.6 58.1 60.4 57.2 50.4 51.8 53.2
D/S % 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 22/23 22/23 22/23
Djibouti(Djibouti) Ex Rate 177. 177. 177. 177. 177. 177. 177. 177. 177. 177. 177. 177.
Mult 44.5 44.5 46.3 46.3 45.5 45.5 45.5 45.5 45.5 45.3 45.3 45.3
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Dominican Republic(Santo Domingo) Ex Rate 52.756 52.92 52.462 53.005 52.533 51.375 51.332 50.588 51.669 50.701 50.686 50.647
Mult 31.3 31.3 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Ecuador(Quito) Ex Rate 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
Mult 30.8 30.8 32.4 32.4 32.1 32.1 26. 26. 26. 26. 26. 26.
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Egypt(Cairo) Ex Rate 15.796 16.024 16.127 16.161 16.308 16.542 16.56 16.7 16.743 17.169 17.326 17.514
Mult 26. 26. 27.5 27.5 27.1 27.1 27.1 27.1 25.6 25.6 25.6 25.6
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
El Salvador(San Salvador) Ex Rate 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
Mult 27.4 27.4 28.9 28.9 28.9 28.9 28.9 28.9 28.9 28.9 28.9 28.9
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Equatorial Guinea(Malabo) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 33.1 33.1 34.7 34.7 35. 35. 35. 32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18
Eritrea(Asmara) Ex Rate 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15.
Mult 52. 52. 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.8
D/S % 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12
Estonia(Tallinn) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 28.6 28.6 30.2 30.2 30.7 30.7 30.7 30.7 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19
Eswatini(Mbabane) Ex Rate 14.75 14.057 14.743 14.995 15.086 14.714 15.176 14.16 14.62 14.32 13.99 13.94
Mult 20.7 20.7 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 23. 23. 23. 23.
D/S % 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12
Ethiopia(Addis Ababa) Ex Rate 31.9 31.65 30.237 29.674 29.486 29.343 29. 29.015 29.085 28.568 28.61 28.623
Mult 39.3 39.3 41. 41. 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.1
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Fiji(Suva) Ex Rate 2.14 2.15 2.17 2.17 2.18 2.18 2.13 2.15 2.13 2.1 2.09 2.09
Mult 32.6 32.6 34.2 34.2 34.8 34.8 34.8 34.8 36.7 36.7 36.7 36.7
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Finland(Helsinki) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 36.7 34.8 34.7 35.9 34.1 34.6 36.7 38.6 36.1 36.3 37.7 38.8
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
France(Paris) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 45.1 41.8 41.7 42.9 41. 41.5 43.8 45.8 43.1 43.4 44.8 46.
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Gabon(Libreville) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 52.5 52.5 54.3 54.3 56.1 56.1 56.1 56.1 54. 50.2 50.2 50.2
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 16/17 16/17 16/17
Gambia(Banjul) Ex Rate 51.21 51.41 51.3 50.86 50.66 50.5 50.3 49.92 49.92 49.92 49.92 49.81
Mult 25.6 25.6 27.1 27.1 27.2 27.2 27.2 27.2 26.5 26.5 26.5 26.5
D/S % 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15
Georgia, Republic of(Tbilisi) Ex Rate 2.887 2.876 2.975 2.966 2.971 2.94 2.917 2.795 2.78 2.698 2.682 2.66
Mult 17.9 17.9 19.3 19.3 20.6 20.6 20.6 20.6 21.7 21.7 21.7 21.7
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18
Germany(Bonn) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 29.2 27.4 27.3 28.4 26.7 27.2 29.2 31. 28.6 28.8 28.4 29.4
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 19/20 19/20
Germany(Dresden) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 29.2 27.4 27.3 28.4 26.7 27.2 29.2 31. 28.6 28.8 28.4 29.4
D/S % 18/20 18/20 18/20 18/20 18/20 18/20 18/20 18/20 18/20 18/20 18/20 18/20
Germany(Munich) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 36.8 34.9 34.8 36. 34.2 34.7 36.8 38.7 36.2 36.4 36. 37.
D/S % 19/21 19/21 19/21 19/21 19/21 19/21 19/21 19/21 19/21 19/21 19/21 19/21
Ghana(Accra) Ex Rate 5.49 5.683 5.554 5.525 5.445 5.5 5.428 5.466 5.464 5.174 5.526 5.518
Mult 39.8 39.8 41.5 41.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 36. 36. 36. 36.
D/S % 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Greece(Athens) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 23.7 20.9 20.8 21.8 20.2 20.7 22.6 24.2 22. 22.2 19.1 20.
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 15/16 15/16
Guatemala(Guatemala City) Ex Rate 7.669 7.699 7.702 7.721 7.732 7.674 7.682 7.715 7.713 7.644 7.679 7.717
Mult 34.2 34.2 35.8 35.8 35.8 35.8 35.8 35.8 35.8 35.8 35.8 35.8
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Guinea Bissau(Bissau) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 31.8 31.8 33.4 33.4 34.4 34.4 34.4 34.4 34.4 34.4 34.4 34.4
D/S % 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14
Guinea(Conakry) Ex Rate 9300. 9275. 9280. 9240. 9230. 9242.5 9230. 9230. 9236.4 9133.5 9151.83 9230.
Mult 38.7 38.7 40.4 40.4 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 35.5 35.5 35.5 35.5
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Guyana(Georgetown) Ex Rate 207.4 206.3 207.2 207.2 207.2 207.2 207.2 207.2 208.8 209.1 209.4 207.2
Mult 34.1 34.1 35.7 35.7 35.7 35.7 35.7 35.7 35.5 35.5 35.5 35.5
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Haiti(Port-Au-Prince) Ex Rate 92.141 92.064 91.806 91.524 93.354 93.433 93.023 93.018 90.411 85.553 82.648 83.42
Mult 43.7 43.7 45.4 45.4 43.6 43.6 43.6 34.5 34.9 34.9 34.9 34.9
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19
Honduras(Tegucigalpa) Ex Rate 24.591 24.51 24.637 24.707 24.709 24.648 24.592 24.594 24.572 24.59 24.444 24.422
Mult 30.1 30.1 31.7 31.7 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.7 23.7 23.7 23.7
D/S % 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18
Hungary(Budapest) Ex Rate 306.32 296.31 305.4 296.57 306.8 299.36 293.82 284.9 292.08 289.43 285.42 278.35
Mult 27.5 23.8 22.1 25.2 21.6 24.2 26.2 29.7 26.9 27.9 17.8 20.4
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 20/21 20/21
India(New Delhi) Ex Rate 71.49 71.35 71.35 70.9 70.57 71.78 68.86 69.07 69.88 70.02 69.34 71.24
Mult 31.7 31.7 33.3 33.3 32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2
D/S % 22/23 22/23 22/23 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Indonesia(Jakarta) Ex Rate 13649. 13948. 14090. 14031. 14173. 14238. 14028. 14140. 14410. 14208. 14243. 14030.
Mult 30.9 30.9 32.5 32.5 32. 32. 32. 32. 32.3 32.3 32.3 32.3
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Iran(Tehran) Ex Rate 120460. 113257. 107592. 106483. 104650. 105492. 106480. 105183. 89700. 88602. 87021. 86461.
Mult 30. 30. 31.6 31.6 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.4 31.1 31.1 31.1 31.1
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Iraq(Baghdad) Ex Rate 1182.452 1185.46 1185.47 1185.528 1170. 1170. 1170. 1170. 1170. 1170. 1170. 1170.
Mult 92.7 92.7 96.3 96.3 38. 38. 38. 38. 38. 38. 38. 38.
D/S % 14/15 25/27 14/15 25/27 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15
Ireland(Ireland) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 43.6 34.6 34.6 35.7 33.9 34.4 36.5 38.4 35.9 36.1 37.5 38.6
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Israel(Jerusalem) Ex Rate 3.452 3.46 3.47 3.528 3.484 3.528 3.493 3.578 3.631 3.617 3.626 3.624
Mult 56.5 56.5 58.4 58.4 51. 51. 51. 51. 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
D/S % 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Italy(Rome) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 29.7 29.8 29.7 30.9 29.1 29.6 31.6 33.5 31. 31.2 32.5 33.6
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Jamaica(Kingston) Ex Rate 138.5 131.813 137.601 138. 135.09 136.4 136.25 130. 135.485 134.19 125.514 134.944
Mult 42.1 42.1 43.8 43.8 45.5 45.5 45.5 45.5 43.9 43.9 43.9 43.9
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Japan(Tokyo) Ex Rate 108.89 109.47 109.27 108.85 108.05 107.73 106.41 107.82 109.87 111.88 111.36  
Mult 84.8 79.9 82.4 83.1 84.3 84.8 85.5 83.3 80.2 77.3 78.  
D/S % 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28  
Jordan(Amman) Ex Rate .708 .708 .708 .708 .708 .708 .708 .708 .708 .708 .708 .708
Mult 43.9 43.9 45.6 45.6 45.6 45.6 45.6 45.6 45.6 45.6 45.6 45.6
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Kazakhstan(Almaty) Ex Rate 379. 380.52 386.26 388.43 387.81 387.15 384.57 380.47 381.34 381.72 381.07 376.59
Mult 24.1 24.1 25.6 25.6 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19
Kenya(Nairobi) Ex Rate 100.5 101.18 102.49 103.21 103.88 103.62 104.22 102.32 101.25 101.38 100.71 100.07
Mult 42.7 35. 36.6 36.6 36.3 36.3 36.3 36.3 36. 36. 36. 36.
D/S % 26/28 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Kiribati(Tarawa) Ex Rate 1.491 1.434 1.475 1.458 1.478 1.458 1.471 1.429 1.447 1.42 1.4 1.402
Mult 43.6 43.6 38.9 38.9 39.6 39.6 39.6 39.6 40.2 40.2 40.2 40.2
D/S % 11/12 11/12 8/8 8/8 8/8 8/8 8/8 8/8 8/8 8/8 8/8 8/8
Korea, Dem. Peo. of(Pyongyang) Ex Rate 108.28 107.69 108.1 107.71 108.5 108.09 107.77 107.57 107.46 107.46 107.13 106.92
Mult 50.5 50.5 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.3 51.9 38.4 38.4 38.4
D/S % 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11
Korea, Republic of(Seoul) Ex Rate 1185.03 1161.03 1176.97 1168.07 1199.96 1216.5 1181.9 1158.05 1189.07 1158.58 1136.79 1118.86
Mult 60.5 60.5 62.4 62.4 62.4 62.4 62.4 62.4 65.2 65.2 65.2 65.2
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19
Kuwait(Kuwait) Ex Rate .304 .303 .304 .304 .304 .304 .304 .303 .304 .304 .304 .303
Mult 38.4 38.4 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.1 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Kyrgyzstan(Bishkek) Ex Rate 69.6 69.75 69.8 69.7 69.75 69.75 69.55 69.7 69.75 69.6 69.75 69.6
Mult 18.6 18.6 20. 20. 20. 20. 20. 20. 20. 20. 20. 20.
D/S % 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14
Lao Peo. Dem. Rep.(Vientiane) Ex Rate 8875. 8870. 8841. 8850. 8832. 8746. 8692.5 8665. 8647.5 8688. 8590. 8575.
Mult 32. 32. 33.6 33.5 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 34. 34. 34. 34.
D/S % 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14
Latvia(Riga) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909   .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 41.8 41.8 43.5   36.6 36.6 36.6 36.6 36.6 36.6 36.6 36.6
D/S % 0/0 0/0 0/0   19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Lebanon(Beirut) Ex Rate 1508. 1508. 1503.99 1513.78 1511.5 1507.5 1507. 1507. 1513.61 1509.73 1510.34 1510.65
Mult 44.6 44.6 46.4 46.4 46.4 46.4 46.4 46.4 46.4 46.4 46.4 46.4
D/S % 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23
Lesotho(Maseru) Ex Rate 14.75 14.057 14.743 14.995 15.086 14.714 15.176 14.16 14.62 14.32 13.99 13.94
Mult 26. 26. 27.5 27.5 28.9 28.9 28.9 28.9 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5
D/S % 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15
Liberia(Monrovia) Ex Rate 193.287 187.044 191.677 210.811 208.26 205.026 200.935 194.401 168.155 168.155 160.809 160.809
Mult 48.1 48.1 49.9 49.9 43.1 43.1 43.1 43.1 43.5 43.5 43.5 43.5
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Libya(Tripoli) Ex Rate 1.41 1.41 1.41 1.41 1.415 1.366 1.398 1.398 1.398 1.398 1.389 1.392
Mult 22.3 22.3 23.8 23.8 24.1 24.1 24.1 24.1 24.3 24.3 24.3 24.3
D/S % 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13
Lithuania(Vilnius) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 27.3 27.3 28.8 28.8 29.6 29.6 29.6 29.6 29.6 29.6 29.6 29.6
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18
Madagascar(Antananarivo) Ex Rate 3646.92 3605.04 3608.09 3655.96 3736.79 3675.02 3619.7 3580. 3660.45 3572.23 3575. 3473.69
Mult 28.9 28.9 30.5 28.7 29.4 29.4 29.4 29.4 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Malawi(Lilongwe) Ex Rate 738. 737. 734. 734. 735. 741. 760. 775. 731. 729. 729. 729.
Mult 36.8 36.8 38.5 38.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2
D/S % 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19
Malaysia(Kuala Lumpur) Ex Rate 4.089 4.126 4.17 4.18 4.186 4.217 4.127 4.144 4.192 4.134 4.08 4.065
Mult 40.2 40.2 41.9 33.9 34.3 34.3 34.3 34.3 34.3 34.3 34.3 34.3
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Maldives(Male) Ex Rate 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15. 15.
Mult 56.5 56.5 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.4
D/S % 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29
Mali(Bamako) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 28.4 28.4 30. 30. 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2
D/S % 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13
Malta(Malta) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 28.3 29.6 29.5 30.7 28.9 29.4 31.4 33.3 30.8 31.1 32.3 33.4
D/S % 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15
Mauritania(Nouakchott) Ex Rate 37.19 37.16 37.02 36.93 36.57 36.5 36.58 36.49 36.49 36.39 36.33 36.33
Mult 29.4 29.4 31. 31. 31.1 31.1 23.7 23.7 23.9 23.9 23.9 23.9
D/S % 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13
Mauritius(Port Louis) Ex Rate 35.537 35.21 35.288 36.674 36.5 35.976 36.25 35.58 35.882 35.251 34.849 34.255
Mult 36.9 36.9 24.9 24.9 26.6 26.6 26.6 26.6 28. 28. 28. 28.
D/S % 20/21 20/21 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12
Mexico(Mexico City) Ex Rate 18.73 18.9 19.56 19.16 19.65 20.09 19.07 19.17 19.12 19. 19.4 19.23
Mult 40.1 40.1 41.8 41.8 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.1 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Moldova(Chisinau) Ex Rate 17.41 17.14 17.28 17.575 17.75 17.8 17.76 18.12 18.175 17.83 17.31 17.16
Mult 26.8 26.8 28.3 28.3 27. 27. 27. 27. 27. 27. 27. 27.
D/S % 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16
Mongolia(Ulan Bator) Ex Rate 2716.23 2678.87 2671.03 2667.76 2660.93 2672. 2666. 2656. 2648.7 2641. 2629.75 2632.21
Mult 34. 34. 35.6 35.6 34.1 34.1 34.1 27.6 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Montenegro (Podgorica) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 19.4 19.4 20.8 19.6 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Morocco(Rabat) Ex Rate 9.628 9.602 9.649 9.644 9.737 9.615 9.607 9.58 9.735 9.678 9.666 9.558
Mult 25.1 25.1 26.6 26.6 26.9 26.9 26.9 26.9 26.6 26.6 26.6 26.6
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Mozambique(Maputo) Ex Rate 61.66 63. 61.55 61.55 61.01 60.2 61.45 61.4 63.5 64.1 62.4 61.65
Mult 41.6 41.6 43.3 43.3 43.4 43.4 43.4 43.4 43.3 43.3 43.3 43.3
D/S % 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32
Myanmar(Yangon) Ex Rate 1471. 1505. 1515. 1533. 1533. 1515. 1510. 1527. 1536. 1515. 1524. 1530.
Mult 39.1 39.1 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
D/S % 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27 25/27
Namibia(Windhoek) Ex Rate 14.75 14.057 14.743 14.995 15.086 14.714 15.176 14.16 14.62 14.32 13.99 13.94
Mult 19.6 19.6 21. 21. 22.9 22.9 22.9 22.9 23.1 23.1 23.1 23.1
D/S % 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24
Nepal(Kathmandu) Ex Rate 114. 113.7 114.05 113.35 113.45 114.84 110.05 110.9 111.956 112.02 110.911 113.92
Mult 25. 25. 26.5 26.5 26. 26. 26. 26. 25.1 25.1 25.1 25.1
D/S % 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13
Netherlands(The Hague) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 39.9 38.8 38.7 39.9 38. 31. 33. 34.9 32.4 32.6 33.9 35.
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24
New Caledonia(NouMea) Ex Rate 108.218 106.88 108.474 107.41 109.079 108.582 106.651 105.012 107.284 107.005 105.885 104.907
Mult 40.9 40.9 42.6 42.6 44.3 44.3 44.3 44.3 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Nicaragua(Managua) Ex Rate 33.75 33.7 33.58 33.76 33.6 33.55 33.52 33.113 33.28 32.852 32.85 32.7
Mult 28. 28. 29.6 29.6 29.8 29.8 29.8 29.8 29.8 29.8 29.8 29.8
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Niger(Niamey) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 32.7 32.7 34.3 34.3 35.2 35.2 35.2 35.2 34. 33.1 33.1 33.1
D/S % 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11 10/11
Nigeria(Abuja) Ex Rate 361.57 361.31 361.23 361.75 361.74 362.27 360.87 360.24 359.98 360.4 360.24 361.35
Mult 35.5 35.5 37.1 37.1 34.7 34.7 34.7 34.7 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Norway(Oslo) Ex Rate 9.223 8.825 9.175 9.232 9.079 8.976 8.896 8.522 8.755 8.696 8.515 8.547
Mult 41.9 41.8 38.6 37.9 39.9 41.3 42.5 48. 38.8 39.6 42.2 41.8
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Oman(Muscat) Ex Rate .385 .385 .385 .385 .385 .385 .385 .385 .385 .385 .385 .385
Mult 36.5 36.5 38.2 38.2 38.2 38.2 38.2 38.2 38.2 38.2 38.2 38.2
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Pakistan(Islamabad) Ex Rate 154.499 154.87 155.286 155.496 156.85 159.65 160.83 162.801 150.83 141.661 140.489 139.417
Mult 29.6 29.6 31.2 31.2 30. 30. 30. 30. 30.3 24.3 24.3 24.3
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 19/20 19/20 19/20
Panama(Panama City) Ex Rate 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
Mult 41.1 41.1 42.8 42.8 42.8 42.8 42.8 42.8 42.8 42.8 42.8 42.8
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Papua New Guinea(Port Moresby) Ex Rate 3.41 3.407 3.401 3.401 3.257 3.257 3.257 3.257 3.257 3.257 3.257 3.257
Mult 74.3 74.3 76.4 76.4 80.6 80.6 80.6 80.6 80.6 80.6 80.6 80.6
D/S % 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32 30/32
Paraguay(Asuncion) Ex Rate 6527. 6471. 6461. 6453. 6383. 6278. 6028. 6198. 6306. 6290. 6192. 6108.
Mult 22.3 22.3 23.8 23.8 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2
D/S % 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14
Peru(Lima) Ex Rate 3.353 3.326 3.394 3.347 3.384 3.398 3.292 3.295 3.363 3.316 3.317 3.308
Mult 38. 38. 39.7 39.7 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.3 39.1 39.1 39.1 39.1
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Philippines(Manila) Ex Rate 50.977 50.678 50.838 50.934 51.909 52.215 50.906 51.255 52.202 52.104 52.807 51.828
Mult 44.1 44.1 45.8 45.8 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 43.4 43.4 43.4 43.4
D/S % 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23
Poland(Warsaw) Ex Rate 3.889 3.817 3.915 3.837 4.01 3.968 3.854 3.743 3.856 3.85 3.828 3.798
Mult 18.9 17.3 16.2 18.2 13.8 14.9 17.8 20.8 17.7 17.9 12.7 13.5
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 16/17 16/17
Portugal(Guimaraes) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914              
Mult 4.5 4.7 4.6 5.5 4.1              
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21              
Portugal(Lisbon) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887  
Mult 27.3 27.5 27.4 28.5 26.8 26.8 28.8 30.6 28.2 28.4 29.7  
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21  
Qatar(Doha) Ex Rate 3.663 3.661 3.663 3.663 3.661 3.662 3.661 3.659 3.657 3.659 3.658 3.656
Mult 59.6 59.6 61.5 61.5 61.5 77.8 77.8 77.8 77.9 77.9 77.9 77.9
D/S % 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 35/37 35/37 35/37 35/37 35/37 35/37 35/37
Romania(Bucharest) Ex Rate 4.33 4.282 4.358 4.284 4.344 4.272 4.247 4.157 4.275 4.263 4.241 4.169
Mult 13.9 11.1 10.8 12.4 11.1 12.7 13.3 15.4 12.6 12.9 1.9 3.3
D/S % 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 20/21 20/21
Russian Federation(Moscow) Ex Rate 63.255 62.123 64.03 63.99 64.33 66.69 63.39 63.08 65.07 64.51 65.16 65.98
Mult 47.7 47.7 49.5 49.5 49.2 56.8 56.8 56.8 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.8
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Rwanda(Kigali) Ex Rate 932.54 915. 930. 921.13 925. 920. 910. 910. 908.51 906. 906.17 903.45
Mult 25.4 25.4 26.9 26.9 26.8 26.8 26.8 26.8 26.9 26.9 26.9 26.9
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Samoa(Apia) Ex Rate 2.627 2.621 2.645 2.63 2.646 2.6 2.6 2.579 2.607 2.546 2.546 2.539
Mult 39.7 39.7 41.4 41.4 41. 40.9 40.9 40.9 41.8 41.8 41.8 41.8
D/S % 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16
Sao Tome and Principe(Sao Tome) Ex Rate 22.203 22.079 22.156 22.059 22.268 22.107 21.928 21.503 21.52 21.52 21.52  
Mult 35.2 35.2 36.8 36.8 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2  
D/S % 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 16/17 16/17  
Saudi Arabia(Riyadh) Ex Rate 3.752 3.752 3.75 3.75 3.752 3.75 3.751 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75 3.75
Mult 49.9 49.9 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Senegal(Dakar) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 33.7 33.7 35.3 35.3 36.7 36.7 36.7 36.7 36.8 36.8 36.8 36.8
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18
Serbia(Belgrade) Ex Rate 106.554 105.218 106.799 105.797 107.451 106.451 105.616 103.734 106.035 105.764 105.095 103.899
Mult 26.3 26.3 27.8 27.8 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.4 27.4 22.9 22.9 22.9
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 18/19 18/19 18/19
Seychelles(Victoira) Ex Rate 13.292 12.804 12.793 13.374 13.712 13.726 13.659 13.596 13.438 13.75 13.662 13.66
Mult 52.7 52.7 54.5 54.5 53.6 53.6 53.6 53.6 53.3 53.3 53.3 53.3
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Sierra Leone(Freetown) Ex Rate 9725. 9723.65 9580. 9513.26 9255. 9200. 9200. 8715. 8711. 8711. 8711. 7950.
Mult 45.3 45.3 47.1 47.1 47. 46.4 46.4 46.4 47.7 47.7 47.7 47.7
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Singapore(Singapore) Ex Rate 1.363 1.352 1.366 1.363 1.38 1.38 1.383 1.353 1.38 1.363 1.355 1.349
Mult 73.2 73.2 75.3 75.3 75.6 75.6 75.6 75.6 72.3 72.3 72.3 72.3
D/S % 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23
Slovak Republic(Bratislava) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 23.1 19.5 19.4 20.5 18.9 19.3 21.1 22.8 20.6 20.8 22. 22.9
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Slovenia, Republic of(Lubljana) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 32.5 31.5 14.4 15.4 13.9 14.3 16.1 17.6 15.5 15.7 16.8 17.8
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Solomon Islands(Honair) Ex Rate 8.137 7.987 8.163 8.258 8.264 8.258 8.163 7.943 8.006 7.937 8.091 7.962
Mult 48.1 48.1 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19
South Africa(Pretoria) Ex Rate 14.75 14.057 14.743 14.995 15.086 14.714 15.176 14.16 14.62 14.32 13.99 13.94
Mult 29.1 29.1 30.7 30.7 30.7 30.7 30.7 30.7 31.1 31.1 31.1 31.1
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
South Sudan, Republic of(Juba) Ex Rate 161.099 159.973 159.973 159.91 159.878 159.403 159.064 158.596 157.999 157.058 155.888 154.746
Mult 61.5 61.5 63.5 63.5 59.2 59.2 59.2 59.2 56. 56. 56. 56.
D/S % 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15 14/15
Spain(Madrid) Ex Rate .907 .896 .909 .9 .914 .91 .894 .88 .899 .897 .887 .879
Mult 27.6 25.3 25.2 26.3 24.6 25.1 27. 28.8 26.4 26.7 27.9 28.9
D/S % 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Sri Lanka(Colombo) Ex Rate 181.14 181.32 180.81 181.45 181.83 180.43 176.25 176.51 176.39 175.8 176.17 179.85
Mult 30.5 30.5 32.1 32.1 32.3 32.3 32.3 32.3 31.5 31.5 31.5 31.5
D/S % 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28
St. Lucia(Castries) Ex Rate 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Mult 46.1 46.1 47.9 47.9 47.5 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Sudan(Khartoum) Ex Rate 47.4 45. 45. 45. 45. 45. 45. 45.   47.5 47.5 47.5
Mult 44.6 44.6 46.4 46.4 31.2 31.2 31.2 31.2   30.4 30.4 30.4
D/S % 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18   17/18 17/18 17/18
Suriname(Paramaribo) Ex Rate 7.6 7.48 7.48 7.42 7.42 7.42 7.42 7.42 7.42 7.42 7.42 7.42
Mult 30.5 30.5 32.1 32.1 32.1 31.1 31.1 31.1 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.4
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17
Sweden(Stockholm) Ex Rate 9.649 9.346 9.591 9.724 9.801 9.704 9.546 9.279 9.535 9.525 9.267 9.27
Mult 39.3 40.8 39.3 37.6 36.7 37.9 39.9 34.9 31.8 31.9 35.1 35.1
D/S % 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23
Switzerland(Geneva) Ex Rate .97 .975 .999 .992 .992 .994 .972 .977 1.009 1.021 1.003 .999
Mult 71. 69.3 67.6 68.7 68.7 68.4 71.8 71. 66.1 64.3 67. 67.6
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Syrian Arab Republic(Damascus) Ex Rate 700. 700. 700. 434. 434. 434. 434. 434. 434. 434. 434. 434.
Mult 31.2 31.2 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Tajikistan(Dushanbe) Ex Rate 9.695 9.694 9.694 9.697 9.691 9.681 9.44 9.44 9.44 9.44 9.439 9.438
Mult 26.1 26.1 27.6 27.6 27.4 27.4 26. 26. 25.5 25.5 25.5 25.5
D/S % 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
Tanzania, United Rep. of(Dar es Salaam) Ex Rate 2298.72 2294. 2286.56 2296.08 2293.9 2293.89 2294.22 2295.23 2295.87 2297.26 2323.96 2340.44
Mult 34.4 34.4 36. 36. 36. 36. 36. 36. 35.6 35.6 35.6 35.6
D/S % 29/31 29/31 29/31 29/31 29/31 29/31 29/31 29/31 29/31 29/31 29/31 29/31
Thailand(Bangkok) Ex Rate 31.17 30.14 30.23 30.24 30.65 30.63 30.81 30.79 31.81 31.95 31.88 31.43
Mult 44.4 44.4 46.1 46.1 44.7 44.7 44.7 44.7 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
D/S % 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 22/23 19/20 19/20 19/20 19/20
The Republic of North Macedonia(Skopje) Ex Rate 55.61 54.922 55.738 55.38 56.236 55.586 55.236 54.167 55.356 55.21 54.789 54.111
Mult 23. 23. 24.5 24.5 24.8 24.8 24.8 24.8 24.3 19.8 19.8 19.8
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 14/15 14/15 14/15
Timor-Leste(Dili) Ex Rate 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
Mult 48.2 48.2 50. 50. 50. 50. 50. 50. 50. 50. 50. 50.
D/S % 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16
Togo(Lome) Ex Rate 594.864 587.512 596.27 590.42 599.595 596.867 586.252 577.242 589.73 588.197 582.038 576.665
Mult 37.8 37.8 39.5 39.5 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 39.5 33.5 33.5 33.5
D/S % 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 17/18 13/14 13/14 13/14
Tonga(Nuku`Alofa) Ex Rate 2.234 2.233 2.26 2.306 2.312 2.305 2.273 2.26 2.284 2.277 2.236 2.276
Mult 30.5 30.5 32.1 32.1 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.6
D/S % 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10 9/10
Trinidad and Tobago(Port-of-Spain) Ex Rate 6.689 6.701 6.712 6.767 6.776 6.761 6.766 6.651 6.771 6.775 6.77 6.78
Mult 40.4 40.4 42.1 42.1 42.7 42.7 42.7 42.7 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
D/S % 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28 26/28
Tunisia(Tunis) Ex Rate 2.814 2.799 2.851 2.842 2.872 2.867 2.88 2.881 3. 3.012 3.011 3.028
Mult 28. 28. 29.6 29.6 18.7 18.7 18.7 18.7 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14
Turkey(Ankara) Ex Rate 5.983 5.956 5.779 5.734 5.662 5.835 5.565 5.766 5.918 5.946 5.558 5.318
Mult 13.3 13.3 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6
D/S % 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19 18/19
Turkey(Istanbul) Ex Rate 5.983 5.956 5.779 5.734 5.662 5.835 5.565 5.766 5.918 5.946 5.558 5.318
Mult 22.2 22.2 23.7 23.7 23.5 23.5 23.5 23.5 23.5 23.5 23.5 23.5
D/S % 22/24 22/24 22/24 22/24 22/24 22/24 22/24 22/24 22/24 22/24 22/24 22/24
Turkmenistan(Ashkhabad) Ex Rate 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Mult 53.8 53.8 55.7 55.7 55.2 39.6 39.6 39.6 39. 39. 39. 39.
D/S % 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 11/12 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14 13/14
Uganda(Kampala) Ex Rate 3672. 3657. 3694.5 3711.2 3680.71 3692.25 3699.5 3699.1 3766.33 3745. 3714.44 3675.67
Mult 23.5 23.5 25. 25. 24.9 24.9 24.9 24.9 25.1 25.1 25.1 25.1
D/S % 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
Ukraine(Kiev) Ex Rate 25. 23.5 24.77 25.25 24.32 25.205 25.605 26.17 28. 29. 29. 29.
Mult 31.4 31.4 33. 33. 32.4 32.4 32.4 25.5 20.6 20.6 20.6 20.6
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24 23/24
United Arab Emirates(Abu Dhabi) Ex Rate 3.673 3.673 3.673 3.673 3.673 3.673 3.673 3.673 3.673 3.673 3.673 3.673
Mult 63.5 63.5 65.5 65.5 65.5 65.5 65.5 65.5 65.5 65.5 65.5 65.5
D/S % 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34 32/34
United Kingdom(London) Ex Rate .764 .763 .777 .777 .812 .811 .828 .788 .793 .775 .764 .751
Mult 64.1 59.9 59.3 59.3 53.1 53.3 50.5 57.3 56.4 59.6 61.7 64.2
D/S % 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29
Uruguay(Montevideo) Ex Rate 37.525 37.1 37.955 37.513 36.838 36.615 34.325 35.265 35.219 34.65 33.678 32.63
Mult 39.2 39.2 40.9 38.3 40.2 40.2 40.2 40.2 42.7 42.7 42.7 42.7
D/S % 25/27 25/27 25/27 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25 24/25
USA(New York) Ex Rate 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
Mult 70.3 65.5 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5
D/S % 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30 28/30
USA(Seattle) Ex Rate 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
Mult 113.3 104.1 107.8 107.8 107.8 107.8 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6
D/S % 27/29 28/30 27/29 28/30 27/29 28/30 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29
USA(Washington D.C.) Ex Rate 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1.
Mult 50.4 45.8 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6 47.6
D/S % 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29
Uzbekistan(Tashkent) Ex Rate 9580. 9502. 9491. 9460. 9445. 9366. 8660. 8571. 8495. 8451. 8403. 8401.
Mult 28.9 28.9 30.5 30.5 30.5 28.5 28.5 28.5 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.4
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21 20/21
Vanuatu(Port Vila) Ex Rate 113.08 112.42 113.65 113.06 113.97 113.97 110.85 111.98 112.62 110.35 110.3 110.3
Mult 42.7 42.7 44. 44.4 45.6 45.6 45.6 45.6 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.6
D/S % 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16 15/16
Venezuela(Caracas) Ex Rate 74727.19 62299.04 44610.46 26781.56 20903.68 20511.05 13613.32 7144.48 5738.26 5201.88 3294.48 3299.53
Mult 67. 67. 69. 69. 69. 69. 69. 69. 69. 69. 69. 69.
D/S % 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29 27/29
Vietnam(Hanoi) Ex Rate 23179. 23172. 23198. 23202. 23201. 23200. 23202. 23322. 23418. 23280. 23202. 23200.
Mult 21.9 21.9 23.4 23.4 23.1 23.1 23.1 23.1 22.9 22.9 22.9 22.9
D/S % 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Yemen, Republic of(Sana a) Ex Rate 573.27 559.69 559.69 555.81 588.79 576.18 560.17 546.11 515.07 508.28 494.7 554.84
Mult 26.6 26.6 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
D/S % 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13 12/13
Zambia(Lusaka) Ex Rate 14.777 13.839 14.6 13.261 13.175 13.075 12.897 12.884 13.421 12.692 12.158 12.03
Mult 25.2 20.8 22.3 22.3 23.2 23.2 23.2 23.2 25.3 25.3 25.3 25.3
D/S % 23/24 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22 21/22
Zimbabwe(Harare) Ex Rate 16.8 16.154 15.68 15.12 14.2 11.518 9.6 8.3 5.17 3.254 3.001 1.
Mult 31.5 54. 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9
D/S % 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17 16/17